The implementation of overdose prevention sites as a novel and nimble response during an illegal dru
Drug-related overdoses were declared a public health emergency in British Columbia, Canada in April, 2016 facilitating the scale-up of responses including rapid sanctioning and implementation of overdose prevention sites (OPSs). OPSs are a health service providing supervised injection and immediate overdose response. In BC, OPSs were operational within weeks of sanctioning. In the first year of operation over 20 OPSs were established with approximately 550,000 visits and no overdose deaths at any site. This paper examines the implementation of OPSs as a novel and nimble response to prevent overdose deaths as a result of injection drug use.